Critical Thinking Logical Reasoning

Logical Reasoning Book FSC CH 1 CLASS 11 Class 12 HSSC Logical Reasoning INTRODUCTION.

Look at this series 80, 10, 70, 15, 60.

What number should come next?

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Statement:
I. The school authority has asked the FSC students to attend special classes to be conducted on Sundays.
II. The parents of the FSC students have withdrawn their wards from attending private tuitions conducted on Sundays.

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Statement:

Life means stresses and strains.

Stresses and strains have an adverse effect on life.

Conclusion:

I. Life is not worth living.

II. One should avoid stresses and strains in life.

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Statement: Should admission to the professional degrees in Pakistan be given only on merit without any concession to any particular group of students?
Arguments:
(I) Yes. This will improve the quality of the professional institutes and degrees as they will be able to complete the degree successfully.
(II) No. This will keep a large number of socially and economically backward students out of the reach of professional institutes and degrees.

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Statement: Should children be prevented completely from watching television?

Arguments:

(I) No. We get vital information regarding education through television.

(II) Yes. It hampers the study of children.

(Ill) Yes. Young children are misguided by certain programmes featuring violence.

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Find the odd one.

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Blueberries cost more than strawberries.
Blueberries cost less than raspberries.
Raspberries cost mre than strawberries and blueberries.
If the first two statements are true, the third statement is:

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Statement Should religion be banned?
Arguments:

(I) Yes. It develops “fanaticism” in people.
(II) No, religion binds people together.

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What should come next to this word, “Recipe”

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Here are some words translated from an artificial language:
Granamelke means big tree
Pinimelke means little tree
Melkehoon means tree house
Which word could mean big house?

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Artificial Language:
What will be the meaning of ‘walkaway’? If mignelasan means cupboard Lasanpoen means boardwalk Cuopdansa means Pullman

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Language with the most alphabets is __

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Artificial Language:

Here are some words translated from an artificial language. Dionot means oak tree, blyonot means oak leaf, blycrin means maple leaf. Which word could mean “maple syrup”?

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Statements and Conclusions:
Statements Nutritious food is delicious and good for health. Apple is nutritious.
Conclusions (I) Apple is good for health. (II) Delicious foods are nutritious.

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Which of the following expressions may not be true if the following expressions are true?
(a) Z > Y (b) Y = W (c) W < X

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Verbal Classification
What will the area of a triangle will be when a = lm, b = 2m, c = 3m, a, b, c being lengths of respective sides?

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Statement and Argument:

Statement 1: The government has decided to roll back the hike in the prices of cooking gas and kerosene.

Statement 2: Some ministers had resigned in protest against the hike in prices of cooking gas and other petroleum products.

Select the correct option.

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Statements: Company X has a record of manufacturing cameras of quality and the latest design so that you do not spoil even a single shot irrespective of the weather conditions.

Conclusions:

I. No other company except X is reputed in the camera industry.

II. Anyone can take an acceptable shot with camera X.

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Statement and Argument

Statement: Should admission to the professional degrees in Pakistan be given only on merit without any concession to any particular group of students?

Arguments:

(I) Yes. This will improve the quality of the professional institutes and degrees as they will be able to complete the degree successfully.

(II) No. This will keep a large number of socially and economically backward students out of the reach of professional institutes and degrees.

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The Emporium Mall has more stores than the Pakages Mall.
The Amanah Mall has fewer stores than the Pakages Mall.
The Emporium Mall has more stores than the Amanah Mall.
If the first two statements are true, the third statement is

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Statement:

Smoking is one of the human weaknesses, which tends to test the willpower of the smoker to the edge.

Conclusion:

I. It is very difficult for the smokers to give up smoking even if they want to.

II. Human beings have other weaknesses as well.

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Statements:

Pakistan is a multilingual country. Urdu is the national language of Pakistan.

Conclusions:

(l) AII Pakistanis should learn many languages. (ll) To be a Pakistani one needs to learn Urdu.

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Statement:

Life means stresses and strains.

Stresses and strains have an adverse effect on life.

Conclusion:

I. Life is not worth living.

II. One should avoid stresses and strains in life.

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Find the odd one.

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Logical games.

Select the odd word from the following:

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Statement and Argument:
Statement Should coal engines be replaced by electric engines in trains?
Arguments
{I) Yes. Coal engines cause a lot of pollution.
{II) Yes. Electric engines are good on performance, easy to operate, and low on maintenance.
{Ill) No. Pakistan does not produce enough electricity to fulfill its domestic needs also.
Choose the correct option.

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What is similar to the word:

Bonus

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Logical games:

What should come next to save, secure, protect?

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Statement:

The increasing population of our nation will lead to the depletion of many essential resources.

Conclusion:

I. Population of our nation can be controlled.

II. The nation will not be able to provide a decent living to its citizens.

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On the day Bilal is born,
Jamila weighs more than Javed.
Javed weighs less than Junaid.
Of the three babies, Junaid weighs the most.
If the first two statements are true, the third statement is

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Asiya goes 30 km towards North from a fixed point, then after turning to her right she goes another 15 km. Then she takes another right and goes 30km. How far and in what direction is she from her starting point?

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From the following which word does not belong to the others:

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Logical games:
Due to some mathematical formulae, we are getting the following results, where 2 becomes equal to 5, and 3 becomes equal to 10. What will four be equal to?
2 = 5
3 = 10
4 = ?

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Statements and conclusions:
Statements All apples are bananas. No banana is a mango. Some mangoes are oranges.
Conclusions
(I) All oranges can never be bananas.
(ll)Some mangoes are apples.

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From the following which word does not belong to the others:

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In the following question, three statements are given followed by four Conclusions. You have to consider the statements to be true even if they seems to be at variance from commonly known facts. You have to decide which of the given Conclusions can definitely be drawn from the given statements. Indicate your answer.

Statements:

a). In a consignment, all the boxes contain books.

b). Some of these boxes have also note-books.

c). Some other boxes have also scribbling pads.

Conclusions: In this consignment,

I. Some boxes contain only scribbling pads.

II. All boxes contain notebooks.

III. Some boxes contain notebook and books.

IV. Some boxes contain notebooks, scribbling pads, and books.

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How many such pairs of letters are there in the word ‘HISTORICAL’ which have as many letters between them in the word as they have between them in the English alphabet?

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Blueberries cost more than strawberries.
Blueberries cost less than raspberries.
Raspberries cost mre than strawberries and blueberries.
If the first two statements are true, the third statement is:

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Look at this series: 7, 10,8, 11, 9, 12.

Which number do you think will be next?

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Number series:
Choose which one is the different number from the following

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Blueberries cost more than strawberries.
Blueberries cost less than raspberries.
Raspberries cost mre than strawberries and blueberries.
If the first two statements are true, the third statement is:

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Islamabad is north of Balochistan.
Balochistan is east of Lahore.
Lahore is northwest of Islamabad.
If the first two statements are true, the third statement is

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Statements: Cats are birds. Birds are mammals.
Conclusion: Birds are cats.

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A police officer stationed along the route of a parade has been ordered not to allow cars to cross the route while the parade is in progress. An ambulance driver on an emergency run attempts to drive an ambulance across the route while the parade is passing. Under these circumstances, the officer should:

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Pick the word that is always associated with book

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Statements: No cities are countries. No countries are villages.
Conclusions:
(I) Some countries are cities.
(II) No villages are the city.

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Statement and argument:
Statement: Should the public sector undertakings be allowed to adopt a hire-and-fire policy?
Arguments:
(I) Yes, as this will help the public sector undertakings to get rid of non-performing employees and will also help to reward the performing employees.
(II) No, the management may not be able to implement the policy in an unbiased manner and the employees will suffer due to the high-handedness of the management.

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Statement:

Smoking is one of the human weaknesses, which tends to test the willpower of the smoker to the edge.

Conclusion:

I. It is very difficult for the smokers to give up smoking even if they want to.

II. Human beings have other weaknesses as well.

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If ‘-‘ means’+’, ‘+’ means’-‘, ‘*’ means ‘÷’ and ‘÷’ means ‘*’ then which of the following will be the correct equation?

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From the following which word does not belong to the others:

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